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                                    Free Radicals & Antioxidants
 

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Click here- picture of cell damage

Click here- Graph showing why Antioxidants
and Omega-3's are  important

 

Antioxidants are our body's front line defense against free radicals. When we breathe, we take in oxygen and generate free radicals. Free radicals are atoms that have at least one unpaired electron, thus making them unstable and highly reactive. Free radicals then roam throughout the body causing damage to our cells by stealing stable electron partners from other cells, causing more free radicals, more instability and more damage. This cell damage can impair our body's ability to fight against illness.        ORDER  PRODUCTS

More information on Antioxidants.

Antioxidants keep the short chain trans fat, otherwise known as "HDL & LDL cholesterol" from going through a process called "oxidation". CLICK HERE TO SEE THIS PROCESS The concentration of carotenoid antioxidants in the skin is very important.  Carotenoids are a large and very effective family of antioxidants. By getting a measurement of your carotenoids, you will have an indicator of your antioxidant level. This is a good vital sign as to how good or bad, a person's health is. Increasing the carotenoid level in the body is very important for all of our programs, including our weight loss program 
                           
Obesity as a Cardiovascular Risk Factor

The inner lining of the normal coronary artery is smooth and free of blockages or obstructions.  

However, as we get older, lipids or fatty substances (HDL & LDL cholesterol combine with sugar and  form triglycerides). IF these triglycerides are allowed to oxidize the form plaque and are deposited as fatty streaks on the inner arteries. The streaks are only minimally raised and thus do not produce any obstructions or symptoms. However with the passage of time this buildup increases resulting in the reduction of blood flow to that part of the heart. Eventually it might result in the complete blockage, thus starving the heart muscle of oxygen and nutrition.

Risk factors

Risk factors such as Alcohol abuse and Diabetes mellitus increase the chances of buildup of fatty  layers, known as atheroma. This buildup of material begins to encroach upon the inner channel and starts to interfere with the free flow of blood through the coronary artery.

Male gender, obesity, age above 50 years, lack of exercise, stress and tension can also predispose to the development of arterioscleroses.

Disease Progress

As arteriosclerosis progresses, fibers begin to grow into and around the fatty layers of atheroma, causing the blockage to harden and turn into a plaque. The enlarging plaque increases the encroachment into the inner channel of the coronary artery. When the channel is reduced by more than 50% (of the diameter) the artery may become obstructed enough to decrease blood flow to the heart muscle during times of increased need (exercise, emotional stress, etc.). During such times, the blood pressure and heart rate are both elevated and increase the need of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle.

Antioxidants, one way of combating and:

Lowering the risk of heart disease

You can do several things to lower your risk of heart disease:
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Exercise regularly.

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Don't smoke or chew tobacco.

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Eat a diet low in fat and salt.

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Eat lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

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Supplement with antioxidant builders

Certain Vitamins might lower your risk of heart attack. Multi-Vitamins containing "antioxidants."

Antioxidants

Antioxidants keep cholesterol from going through a process called "oxidation". Oxidation happens when oxygen reacts with cholesterol in your blood. Oxidation causes the "bad" cholesterol (called "LDL" cholesterol) to stick to the lining of your arteries. The oxidized cholesterol can even block your arteries, so blood can't get through. This blockage is called "arteriosclerosis."

Some foods, especially fruits and vegetables, work in your body so this oxygenation process doesn't happen. Vitamin E and Vitamin C are probably the best Vitamin antioxidants.

If you already have heart disease, Vitamin E might reduce your risk of a future heart attack. Vitamin C helps Vitamin E work better in your body. It also improves the way your arteries work. Together, these 2 Vitamins help protect your arteries from oxidized cholesterol. They also help your arteries relax and open up more.

Diet and Exercise: Healthy Balance for a Healthy Heart

During the past few decades, there has been a sudden and sharp rise in the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and Coronary Heart Diseases (CHD) in many countries including India. Today India has the largest diabetic population in the world .It is customary to blame altered life style of the present day society for this rapid rise (Prevalence of both DM and CHD in any community has a closer linear relation to the total quantity of present day vegetable cooking oils.)

Almost every one of us knows someone who has diabetes. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism, the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy. Most of the food we eat is broken down by the digestive juices into a simple sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body.

After digestion, the glucose passes into our bloodstream where it is available for body cells to use for growth and energy. For the glucose to get into the cells, insulin must be present. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach.

When we eat, the pancreas is supposed to automatically produce the right amount of insulin to move the glucose from our blood into our cells. In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the body cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.

Recent studies suggest that both DM and CHD might start developing early in life and it may be years or even some decades before the clinical disease appears. Faulty diet is an important factor that leads to development of these diseases.

Tips for a heart-healthy diet.

A normal healthy person in urban areas at present requires 1600-2400 calories; less for females (1600-2000 calories) than for males (1800-2400 calories). People who are overweight or obese must reduce it by about 300 calories and that can be achieved by increasing fiber into the diet. Crash reducing diets are undesirable. Females during pregnancy and breast-feeding require an additional energy of about 300 calories; similarly a person doing heavy manual work needs extra calories. Except for above, most females in urban areas need 1500-1800 calories while males need 1800-2100 calories Suggestions for the meal plan are based on this.

Diet suggested help to prevent and treat diabetes and its complications. Proper diet as suggested below is the main treatment. It may be more effective in preventing the complications than even the treatment of diabetes or heart disease. Below are the guidelines, which should be followed carefully.
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Total calories - 25.0 - 30.0 calories per kilo ideal body weight, Most people usually need 1500-2100 calories.

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Proteins - 0.8 g/kg for adults. 1.0 g/kg at times of pregnancy and lactation. 1.5 g/kg for infants and children. Adults usually require 50 gm/day.

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Fats - Limit total fat to 20.0% energy adults and children 25.0% calories.

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Carbohydrates - Remaining 60-70% calories should be as follows - Avoid refined carbohydrates and limit intake of simple sugars. Fresh fruits are desirable.

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Minerals, vitamins and dietary from natural source.

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Supplements are usually not required except during pregnancy and lactation. Some subjects with diabetes or its complications usually require PUFA-3 or fish oil and some vitamins.

  1. Omit all cooking oils in use currently, namely - Safflower, Sunflower, Corn, Till or Groundnut oil or Vanaspati.

  2. Instead use a small quantity (3-4 teaspoonfuls per person) per day or half kg. per month per person of any (or combined) ghee, coconut or mustard oil.

  3. Avoid use of non-vegetarian items (eggs, chicken, pork, beet or cheese etc.) It is advisable to take fish regularly but avoid taking fried fish.

  4. Avoid refined processed foods or those containing preservatives, this means that biscuits, cakes, or other Maida preparations like pizza, roomaliroti or bread must be avoided. Avoid fried foods.

  5. Avoid alcohol, tobacco in any form for eg. Cigarettes, bidis or paan.

  6. Avoid taking desserts, sweet dishes. Instead take fresh fruits. Diabetics should also take 2-3 fruits daily and should not be with any other food. One of these should be an orange or sweet lime. It is better to take whole fruit rather than fruit juice.

  7. Client with high blood pressure or swelling of feet or congestive heart failure should avoid taking salt or salty preparations (pickles, chutney, papad etc.)

Contents

Calories

Proteins
(gms)

Fat
(gms)

Carbohydrates
(gms)

Cereal(grains)(25-30gms)

100

3

-

22

Dals and Pulses(25 gms)

100

7

1

17

Milk and Milk Products(240 ml)

 

 

 

 

bullet Whole milk

280

10

15

12

bullet Skimmed milk

80

8

Trace

12

bullet Sandard milk

170

7

8.5

12

Egg, Meat and Fish (30 gms)

 

 

 

 

bullet Low fat meat(fish)

55

7

3

-

bullet High fat meat(mutton, lamb, pork etc)

75

7

5

-

Fruits

40

-

-

10

Vegetables - A subject with diabetes should consume at least 2 helpings of vegetables at each meal as they provide important vitamins in natural form and yet are negligible in calories. Green leafy vegetables particularly provide calcium, iron and fiber and therefore, should be consumed at least 3 times in a week. Potato, green peas, beet root, carrot should be consumed in moderation.

Fat - Fats are an important item of diet. They provide concentrated calories. 1.0 gm of fat provides 9.0 calories. An average adult needs 20.0% of total calories from fat while a child needs 25.0%. Almost half of the total fat come form milk, whole grain, pulses, vegetables and spices.

Why take supplements

 

BHRT bioidentical hormone replacement therapy

 

 

 

The statements enclosed herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The products mentioned on this site are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Information and statements made are for educational purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your family doctor.